Camargo, R. 2007. Lo Social desde el Concepto de Ilusión en Platón, Aristóteles, Machiavelo y Bacon. Cinta moebio 28: 29-38


The Social from the Concept of Illusion in Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli and Bacon

Dr. Ricardo Camargo-Brito ( Department of Politics University of Sheffield (Sheffield, Inglaterra)


The epistemological tradition set up by Plato has been permanently reading as a ‘way of doing philosophy’ in which the dualisms: reality versus illusion, on the one hand, and individual versus the social, on the other, would present not only in an explicit and incommensurable opposition to modern conceptions that assert the overcoming of such distinctions, but also as a monolithic bloc within which every new thing added seems to be not more than a “footnote” to that already said by the Greek philosopher. This work, offering a rereading of the notion of illusion in some authors of such tradition (Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Francis Bacon), far from reaffirming the “mainstream” suggests that it is within the own Plato’s aegis in which the Platonic dualism begins to crack as a consequence of the permanent presence of the ‘social’.

Key words: false illusion, reality, classic tradition, the social, idols.

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Cinta de Moebio
Revista de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales
ISSN 0717-554X